1. WHAT ARE THE MOON SEAS?
Ans: The large, dark patches visible on the Moon’s surface are called seas, but in fact they are not seas at all. They are huge plains formed by lava flowing from inside the Moon.
2.WHO WERE THE FIRST MEN ON THE MOON?
Ans: The first men on the Moon were Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin of the US Apollo II mission. They landed on the Moon on July 20,1969.As Armstrong set foot on the Moon, he said: “That’s one small step for (a) man, one
giant leap for mankind.”
3. WHAT IS MOONLIGHT?
Ans: The Moon is by far the brightest thing in the night sky.But it has no light of its own.Moonlight is simply the Sun’s
light reflected off the white dust on the Moon’s surface.
4. WHAT IS A LUNAR ECLIPSE?
Ans: As the Moon goes around the Earth,sometimes it passes right into Earth’s shadow, where sunlight is blocked off. This is a lunar eclipse. If you look at the Moon during this time, you can see the dark disc of the Earth’s shadow creeping across the Moon.
5. WHAT IS THE MOON?
Ans: The Moon is the Earth’s natural satellite. It has circled around the Earth for at least four billion years. It is a rocky ball about a quarter of Earth’s size and is held in its orbit by mutual gravitational attraction. Most scientists believe that the Moon formed when, early in Earth’s history, a planet smashed into it. The impact was so tremendous that nothing was left of the planet but a few hot splashes thrown back up into space.Within a day of the smash, these splashes had been drawn together by gravity to form the Moon.
6. WHAT IS A HARVEST MOON?
Ans: The harvest moon is the full moon nearest the autumnal equinox (when night and day are of equal length). This moon hangs bright above the eastern horizon for several evenings,providing a good light for harvesters.
7. WHY DOES THE MOON LOOK LIKE CHEESE?
Ans: The moon looks like Swiss cheese because it is full of holes and can appear yellowish. The holes are craters in the surface created when it was bombarded by huge rocks early on in its history.
8. WHAT IS A NEW MOON?
Ans: The Moon appears to change shape during the month because, as it circles the Earth, we see its bright, sunny side from a different angle. At the new moon, the Moon lies between the Earth and the Sun, and we catch only a crescent – shaped glimpse of its bright side. Over the first two weeks of the month, we see more and more of the bright side (waxing) until full moon,When we see all its sunny side. Cover the next two weeks, we see less and less(waning), until we get back to just a sliver-the old moon.
9. WHY DOES THE SEA HAVE TIDES?
Ans: The Moon’s gravity draws the oceans into an oval around the Earth, creating a bulge of water on each side of the world. These bulges stay beneath the Moon as the Earth spins round and so seem to run around the world making the tide rise and fall as they pass.
10. HOW LONG IS A MONTH?
Ans: It takes the Moon 27.3 days to circle the Earth, but 29.53 days from one full moon to the next, because the Earth moves as well. A lunar month is the 29.53 days cycle. Calendar months are entirely artificial.